IRS Providing Tax Relief For Victims in Federal Declared Disaster Areas
Did you miss the October 17, 2022 tax return filing deadline? Areas with a new filing deadline of February 15, 2023, include: Florida, Puerto Rico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Areas in Alaska identified under FEMA’s Major Disaster Declaration 4672 and Hinds County, Mississippi.
The IRS announced on October 5, 2022 that Hurricane Ian victims throughout both North Carolina and South Carolina now have until February 15, 2023, to file various federal individual and business tax returns and make tax payments.
This comes after the IRS announced on September 29, 2022 that Hurricane Ian victims throughout Florida now have until February 15, 2023, to file various federal individual and business tax returns and make tax payments; and after the IRS announced on September 27, 2022 that victims in parts of Alaska now have until February 15, 2023 to file various individual and business tax returns and make tax payments; and after the IRS announced on September 20, 2022 that victims of Hurricane Fiona in all 78 Puerto Rican municipalities now have until February 15, 2023 to file various individual and business tax returns and make tax payments; and after the IRS announced on September 2, 2022 that victims of the Mississippi water crisis in Hinds County now have until February 15, 2023 to file various individual and business tax returns and make tax payments
IRS Tax Relief Details
The IRS is offering this relief to any area designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as qualifying for individual assistance. Currently, relief is available to affected taxpayers who live or have a business anywhere in both the Carolinas or in the State of Florida or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or Hinds County, Mississippi; and individuals and households that reside or have a business in the Regional Education Attendance Areas of Bering Strait, Kashunamiut, Lower Kuskokwim and Lower Yukon, in Alaska. Other areas in Alaska added later will also qualify for this relief. The current list of eligible localities is always available on the disaster relief page on IRS.gov. The declaration permits the IRS to postpone certain deadlines for taxpayers who reside or have a business in the disaster area.
For Carolina taxpayers, the tax relief postpones various tax filing and payment deadlines that occurred starting on September 25, 2022 in South Carolina and September 28 in North Carolina. As a result, affected individuals and businesses will have until February 15, 2023 to file returns and pay any taxes that were originally due during this period. This includes 2021 individual income tax returns due on October 17, 2022 and any businesses with tax returns that were originally due during this period.
The February 15, 2023, deadline also applies to quarterly estimated income tax payments due on January 17, 2023, and the quarterly payroll and excise tax returns normally due on October 31, 2022 and January 31, 2023. Businesses with an original or extended due date also have the additional time including, among others, calendar-year corporations whose 2021 extensions run out on October 17, 2022. Similarly, tax-exempt organizations also have the additional time, including for 2021 calendar-year returns with extensions due to run out on November 15, 2022.
In addition, for South Carolina taxpayers, penalties on payroll and excise tax deposits due after September 25, 2022 and before October 11, 2022, will be abated as long as the deposits are made by October 11, 2022. For North Carolina taxpayers, penalties on payroll and excise tax deposits due after September 28, 2022 and before October 13, 2022, will be abated as long as the deposits are made by October 13, 2022.
Tax Planning Tip
Individuals and businesses in a federally declared disaster area who suffered uninsured or unreimbursed disaster-related losses can choose to claim them on either the return for the year the loss occurred (in this instance, the 2022 return normally filed next year), or the return for the prior year (2021).
Be sure to write the FEMA declaration number on any return claiming a loss.
For Puerto Rico: “DR-3583-EM”
For Alaska: “DR-4672-AK”
For Florida: “DR-4673-FL”
For South Carolina: “DR-3585-EM-SC”
For North Carolina: “DR-3586-EM-NC”
For Mississippi Water Crisis: “EM-3582-MS”
Importance To Preserve Records
Keep in mind that the IRS has up to three years to select a tax return for audit. The FTB has up to four years to select a tax return for audit. In some cases this period is extended to six years. When a taxpayer is selected for audit, the taxpayer has the burden of proof to show that expenses claimed are properly deductible. Having the evidence handy and organized makes meeting this burden of proof much easier.
Essential Records to Have for a Tax Audit
If you are getting ready for a tax audit, one of the most important things to do is gather and organize your tax records and receipts. There’s a good chance that you have a large amount of documents and receipts in your possession. No matter how organized you are, it can be a daunting task to collect the right pieces and make sure that you have them organized and handy for the audit conference.
We have seen many tax audits that hinge on whether or not the taxpayer can provide proper documentation for their previous tax filings. A tax lawyer in Orange County or elsewhere can make sure that the documentation is complete and proper. By submitting this to your tax attorney in advance of the audit, your tax attorney can review your documentation and determine if there are any gaps that need to be addressed before starting the dialogue with the IRS agent.
So what are the most essential tax records to have ahead of your audit? Here are a few must-have items:
- Any W-2 forms from the previous year. This can include documents from full-time and part-time work, large casino and lottery winnings and more.
- Form 1098 records from your bank or lender on mortgage interest paid from the previous year.
- Records of any miscellaneous money you earned and reported to the IRS including work done as an independent contractor or freelancer, interest from savings accounts and stock dividends.
- Written letters from charities confirming your monetary donations from the previous year.
- Receipts for business expenses you claimed.
- Mileage Logs for business use of vehicle.
- Entertainment and Travel Logs for business
Tips On Reconstructing Records
Reconstructing records after a disaster is important for several reasons including insurance reimbursement and taxes. Most importantly, records can help people prove their disaster-related losses. More accurately estimated losses can help people get more recovery assistance like loans or grants.
Whether it’s personal or business property that has been lost or destroyed, here are some steps that can help people reconstruct important records.
Get free tax return transcripts immediately using the Get Transcript on IRS.gov or through the IRS2Go app. Tax return transcripts show line-by-line the entries made on your Federal income tax returns. The most three recent tax years are available.
People can gather past statements from their credit card company or bank. These records may be available online. People can also contact their bank to get paper copies of these statements.
- To get documents related to property, homeowners can contact the title company, escrow company or bank that handled the purchase of their home or other property.
- Taxpayers who made home improvements can get in touch with the contractors who did the work and ask for statements to verify the work and cost. They can also get written descriptions from friends and relatives who saw the house before and after any improvements.
- For inherited property, taxpayers can check court records for probate values. If a trust or estate existed, taxpayers can contact the attorney who handled the trust.
- When no other records are available, people should check the county assessor’s office for old records that might address the value of the property.
- Car owners can research the current fair-market value for most vehicles. Resources are available online and at most libraries. These include Kelley’s Blue Book, the National Automobile Dealers Association and Edmunds.
Develop And Implement Your Backup Plan
Do not wait for the next disaster to come for then it may be too late to retrieve your important records for a tax audit or for that matter any legal or business matter. And if you do get selected for audit and do not have all the records to support what was claimed on your tax returns, you should contact an experienced tax attorney who can argue the application of your facts and circumstances to pursue the least possible changes in an audit.
The tax attorneys at the Law Offices Of Jeffrey B. Kahn, P.C. located in Orange County (Irvine), Los Angeles and elsewhere in California are highly skilled in handling tax matters and can effectively represent at all levels with the IRS and State Tax Agencies including criminal tax investigations and attempted prosecutions, undisclosed foreign bank accounts and other foreign assets, and unreported foreign income. Also if you are involved in cannabis, check out what a cannabis tax attorney can do for you. And if you are involved in crypto currency, check out what a bitcoin tax attorney can do for you.